He defeated Gurgin Khan and made Afghanistan independent. In 1973, while the King was in Italy, Daoud Khan launched a bloodless coup and became the first President of Afghanistan, abolishing the monarchy. You will find 45 Different points that we have compared in this video for these two countries.Here is the list of the points that are available in this template:Global Rank, Total Population, Available Manpower, Fit-For service, Total Military Personnel, Active Personnel, Reserve Personnel, Combat Tanks, Armored Fighting Vehicles, Self-Propelled Artillery, Rocket Projectors, TotalAircrafts, Attack Aircrafts, Fighter Aircrafts, Trainer Aircrafts, Transport Aircrafts, Total Helicopters, Attack Helicopters, Total Naval Assets, Frigates, Destroyers, Corvettes, Patrol Crafts, Mine Warfare Vessels, Oil Production, Oil Consumption, Proven Reserves, Labor Force, Merchant Marine Strength, Roadway Coverage (km), Railway Coverage (km), Serviceable airports, Defense Budget (USD), External Debt (USD), Reserves of foreign exchange \u0026 Gold (USD), Purchasing Power Parity (USD), Square land Area (km), Coastline (km), Shared Borders (km), Waterways (km), Nuclear Warheads, and if state is in NATO membership or not. At multiple points, the land has been incorporated within vast regional empires, among them the Achaemenid Empire, the Macedonian Empire, the Indian Maurya Empire, and the Islamic Empire. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. In 1776, the Durrani capital was moved to Kabul while Peshawar became the winter capital; the latter was lost to Sikhs in 1823. Taxis are yellow in color and consist of both cars and auto rickshaws.  Historically, the ethnonym Afghān was used to refer to ethnic Pashtuns.  The pakol is another traditional hat originating from the far east of the country; it was popularly worn by the guerilla leader Ahmad Shah Massoud.  Afghanistan has historically had strong relations with Germany, one of the first countries to recognize Afghanistan's independence in 1919; the Soviet Union, which provided much aid and military training for Afghanistan's forces and includes the signing of a Treaty of Friendship in 1921 and 1978; and India, with which a friendship treaty was signed in 1950. Following an uprising, the 1842 retreat from Kabul of British-Indian forces and the annihilation of Elphinstone's army, and the Battle of Kabul that led to its recapture, the British placed Dost Mohammad Khan back into power and withdrew their military forces from Afghanistan. Overall the figure stands at 98.7%. The Silk Road appeared during the first century BCE, and Afghanistan flourished with trade, with routes to China, India, Persia and north to the cities of Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva in present-day Uzbekistan. Their efforts to bring Afghanistan into the Central Powers failed, but it caused discontent among the population for keeping neutrality against the British. , In September 2014 Ashraf Ghani became president after the 2014 presidential election where for the first time in Afghanistan's history power was democratically transferred. , Pottery has been crafted in Afghanistan for millennia. It has been home to various peoples through the ages, among them the ancient Iranian peoples who established the dominant role of Indo-Iranian languages in the region. Parliamentary elections have only one round and are based on the single non-transferable vote system, which allows some candidates to be elected with as little as one percent of the vote. MOGHKHAIL, Afghanistan — The A-29 attack plane was a white speck in the bright skies over eastern Afghanistan as it launched a dummy bomb that exploded just yards from the target, a … , The forest region of Afghanistan has vegetation such as pine trees, spruce trees, fir trees and larches, whereas the steppe grassland regions consist of broadleaf trees, short grass, perennial plants and shrublands. Urbanization has increased rapidly, particularly in the capital Kabul, due to returning refugees from Pakistan and Iran after 2001, internally displaced people, and rural migrants. In 1893, Mortimer Durand made Amir Abdur Rahman Khan sign a controversial agreement in which the ethnic Pashtun and Baloch territories were divided by the Durand Line. The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom became the eastern end of the Hellenistic world. U.S. forces quickly toppled the Taliban (the faction that ruled Afghanistan and provided sanctuary for al-Qaeda) in the first months of the war, only to face years of insurgency led by a reconstituted Taliban. The military of Afghanistan currently has around 180,000 active soldiers., with plans to reach 260,000 by 2015. China wins $700 million Afghan oil and gas deal. Over 174,000 students are enrolled in different universities around the country. The country has more than 3,000 midwives, with an additional 300 to 400 being trained each year.. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, 15th least developed country in the world, Indian Institute of Health Management Research, 2010 ICC World Cricket League Division One, Alokozay Kabul International Cricket Ground, Ghazi Amanullah Khan International Cricket Stadium, "Article Sixteen of the 2004 Constitution of Afghanistan", "South Asia :: Afghanistan – the World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, "Afghanistan: A Treasure Trove for Archaeologists", "Chronological History of Afghanistan – the cradle of Gandharan civilisation", https://unama.unmissions.org/afghanistan-and-silk-road-land-heart-world-trade-bijan-omrani, https://en.unesco.org/silkroad/countries-alongside-silk-road-routes/afghanistan, "The Geographical Part of the NUZHAT-AL-QULUB", "Richard Strand's Nuristân Site: Peoples and Languages of Nuristan", "Obama's war: Deploying 17,000 raises stakes in Afghanistan", "Chapter 200: Translation of the Introduction to Firishta's History", "A Literary History of Persia, Volume 4: Modern Times (1500–1924), Chapter IV.  In 2012, Afghanistan recorded 240 cases of honor killing, but the total number is believed to be much higher. However, it was a beneficiary of the latter rivalry as both the Soviet Union and the United States vied for influence by building Afghanistan's main highways, airports, and other vital infrastructure in the post-period. The Mauryans controlled the area south of the Hindu Kush until they were overthrown in about 185 BCE. However, the 2009 presidential election was characterized by lack of security, low voter turnout, and widespread electoral fraud, ending in Karzai's reelection.  Parties became more influential after 2009, when a new law established more stringent requirements for party registration. , Saffron, the most expensive spice, grows in Afghanistan, particularly Herat Province. Following the conquest by Mauryan Indians, Buddhism and Hinduism flourished in the region for centuries. Foxes, wolves, otters, deer, wild sheep, lynx and other big cats populate the mountain forest region of the east. , The city of Ghazni has significant history and historical sites, and together with Bamyan city have in recent years been voted Islamic Cultural Capital and South Asia Cultural Capital respectively.  The Iron Amir viewed railway and telegraph lines coming from the Russian and British empires as "trojan horses" and therefore prevented railway development in Afghanistan. "Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012–2018", https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.ELC.ACCS.ZS?end=2018&locations=AF&start=2005&view=chart, "Afghanistan Has Capacity To Produce 310,000MW Power", "Afghanistan Resurrects its Largest Hydropower Plant Toward a Brighter Future", "Power to the People: How to extend Afghans' access to electricity", "The Power of Nature: How Renewable Energy is Changing Lives in Afghanistan", "20,000 foreign tourists visit Afghanistan annually", "Coronavirus shatters tourism hopes in Afghanistan's Bamyan province", "More than 200,000 tourists visit Bamyan this year", "When Afghanistan was just a laid-back highlight on the hippie trail", "Bamyan, First Ever Cultural Capital of South Asia: A big party, but what else?  One writer considers the tribal system to be the best way of organizing large groups of people in a country that is geographically difficult, and in a society that, from a materialistic point of view, has an uncomplicated lifestyle. Following Alexander's brief occupation, the successor state of the Seleucid Empire controlled the region until 305 BCE when they gave much of it to the Maurya Empire as part of an alliance treaty. , The only city with over a million residents is its capital, Kabul, located in the east of the country. The Supreme Court is led by Chief Justice Said Yusuf Halem, the former Deputy Minister of Justice for Legal Affairs.  The PDPA initiated various social, symbolic and land distribution reforms that provoked strong opposition, while also brutally oppressing political dissidents. From its discord, the discord of Asia; and from its accord, the accord of Asia. Afghanistan had, therefore, good relations with both Cold War enemies. Ranking the modern military powers of Asia.  Afghanistan's opium poppy harvest produces more than 90% of illicit heroin globally, and more than 95% of the European supply. The Buddhist Turk Shahi of Kabul was replaced by a Hindu dynasty before the Saffarids conquered the area in 870, this Hindu dynasty was called Hindu Shahi. 2  The country built close relationships with the Axis powers, with Germany having the largest share in Afghan development at the time, along with Italy and Japan. ISAF forces also began to train the Afghan National Security Forces. The first Afghan newspaper was published in 1873, and there are hundreds of print outlets today. , Attan is the national dance of Afghanistan, a group dance popularly performed by Afghans of all backgrounds. Army, Navy, USAF, USMC, Space Force, Nuclear Weapons, Missile Defense. Our military … , While the nation's current account deficit is largely financed with donor money, only a small portion is provided directly to the government budget. In April 1978, the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) seized power in a bloody coup d'état against then-President Mohammed Daoud Khan, in what is called the Saur Revolution. , On August 14, 2020, UN Human Rights Council experts issued a joint statement urging Afghanistan officials to prevent the killings of human rights defenders as there have been nine deaths of human rights defenders since January 2020. Freedom of expression and the press is permitted and promoted in the current 2004 constitution, so long as it does not threaten national or religious integrity or does not defame individuals. Attempts were made, often with the support of foreign donor countries, to improve the country's economy, healthcare, education, transport, and agriculture. , Gazelles, wild pigs and jackals populate the steppe plains of the south and west, while mongoose and cheetahs exist in the semi-desert south. , Until 1946, Zahir Shah ruled with the assistance of his uncle, who held the post of Prime Minister and continued the policies of Nadir Shah. There is no coastline, as Afghanistan is landlocked.  Following a 1927–28 tour of Europe and Turkey, he introduced several reforms intended to modernize his nation. The country has three rail links: one, a 75-kilometer (47 mi) line from Mazar-i-Sharif to the Uzbekistan border; a 10-kilometer (6.2 mi) long line from Toraghundi to the Turkmenistan border (where it continues as part of Turkmen Railways); and a short link from Aqina across the Turkmen border to Kerki, which is planned to be extended further across Afghanistan.  The Pashtuns (and Baloch) are largely connected to the culture of South Asia. The Afghan region has produced countless Persian-speaking poets and writers from the Middle Ages to the present day, among which three mystical authors are considered true national glories (although claimed with equal ardor by Iran), namely: Khwaja Abdullah Ansari of Herat, a great mystic and Sufi saint in the 11th century, Sanai of Ghazni, author of mystical poems in the 12th century, and, finally, Rumi of Balkh, in the 13th century, considered the persophonist throughout the world as the greatest mystical poet of the entire Muslim world.  The Afghan National Security Forces are provided with mandatory literacy courses.  English is also understood by some of the population, and has been gaining popularity as of the 2000s. , The country has significant amounts of lithium, copper, gold, coal, iron ore, and other minerals. Television programs began airing in the 1970s and today there are many private television channels such as TOLO and Shamshad TV.  The Afghan dynasty was ousted from Persia by Nader Shah after the 1729 Battle of Damghan. On 9 September 2001, Massoud was assassinated by two Arab suicide attackers in Panjshir Valley. Afghan classical music has close historical links with Indian classical music and use the same Hindustani terminology and theories like raga. GUTMAN, Roy (2008): How We Missed the Story: Osama Bin Laden, the Taliban and the Hijacking of Afghanistan, Endowment of the United States Institute of Peace, 1st ed., Washington D.C. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (.  The service sector contributed the most to the GDP (55.9%) followed by agriculture (23%) and industry (21.1%). In the mid-to-late first century CE the vast Kushan Empire, centered in Afghanistan, became great patrons of Buddhist culture, making Buddhism flourish throughout the region.  Perhaps the most famous artist of this genre was Ahmad Zahir, who synthesized many genres and continues to be renowned for his voice and rich lyrics long after his death in 1979. After the end Third Anglo-Afghan War and the signing of the Treaty of Rawalpindi on 19 August 1919, King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state. This is one of the lowest figures in the world; in Asia it is only higher than Cambodia, Nepal and Sri Lanka. , In December 2001, after the Taliban government was overthrown, the Afghan Interim Administration under Hamid Karzai was formed.  Some crafters express their feelings through the designs of rugs; for example after the outbreak of the Soviet-Afghan War, "war rugs" were created with designs representing pain and misery caused by the conflict.  In spite of all this, many Afghans travel to Pakistan and India for advanced treatment. A further 10 other ethnic groups are recognized and each are represented in the Afghan National Anthem.  It was estimated in 2015 that "about 147,000 people have been killed in the Afghanistan war since 2001.  Presidential elections use the two-round system; if no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, a second round will be held featuring the top two candidates.  The country imports over $7 billion worth of goods but exports only $784 million, mainly fruits and nuts. 1500–1100 BCE), which has been closely associated with the culture depicted in the Avesta, the ancient religious texts of Zoroastrianism.  The Afghan Sports Federation promotes cricket, association football, basketball, volleyball, golf, handball, boxing, taekwondo, weightlifting, bodybuilding, track and field, skating, bowling, snooker, chess, and other sports. According to Professor Ali Jalali, “The strength of the [Afghan] military in the 1960s reached 98,000 with 90,000 in the army and 8,000 in the air force.” See Ali a. Jalali, “Rebuilding Afghanistan’s National Army,” Parameters, (Autumn 2002): 72-86. Many Afghans are now involved in construction, which is one of the largest industries in the country. Afghanistan has around 350 radio stations and over 200 television stations.  The number of NATO troops present in Afghanistan peaked at 140,000 in 2011, dropping to about 16,000 in 2018.  Generally the four major ethnic groups are the Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks. , The country's natural resources include: coal, copper, iron ore, lithium, uranium, rare earth elements, chromite, gold, zinc, talc, barite, sulfur, lead, marble, precious and semi-precious stones, natural gas, and petroleum, among other things. , Another civil war broke out after the creation of a dysfunctional coalition government between leaders of various mujahideen factions.  In 1837, during the Battle of Jamrud near the Khyber Pass, Akbar Khan and the Afghan army failed to capture the Jamrud Fort from the Sikh Khalsa Army, but killed Sikh Commander Hari Singh Nalwa, thus ending the Afghan-Sikh Wars. The root name "Afghān" is, according to some scholars, derived from the name of the Aśvakan or Assakan, ancient inhabitants of the Hindu Kush region. These were worn by some women of the Pashtun community well before Islam came to the region, but the Taliban enforced this dress on women when they were in power. They were followed by the Kidarites who, in turn, were replaced by the Hephthalites.  The Afghan hound is a native breed of dog known for its fast speed and its long hair; it is relatively known in the west.  However electricity is not always reliable and blackouts happen, including in Kabul. The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was established by the UN Security Council to help assist the Karzai administration and provide basic security.  The last strong earthquakes were in 1998, which killed about 6,000 people in Badakhshan near Tajikistan.  There are various Afghan tribes, and an estimated 2–3 million nomads. A 2010 earthquake left 11 Afghans dead, over 70 injured, and more than 2,000 houses destroyed. An Indus Valley site has been found on the Oxus River at Shortugai in northern Afghanistan.  He defeated the Indian Maratha Empire, and one of his biggest victories was the 1761 Battle of Panipat. In 1878, the Second Anglo-Afghan War was fought over perceived Russian influence, Abdur Rahman Khan replaced Ayub Khan, and Britain gained control of Afghanistan's foreign relations as part of the Treaty of Gandamak of 1879. By 2001 following years of civil war, telecommunications was virtually a non-existent sector, but by 2016 it had grown to a $2 billion industry, with 22 million mobile phone subscribers and 5 million internet users.  After the Soviet withdrawal, the civil war ensued until the communist regime under People's Democratic Party leader Mohammad Najibullah collapsed in 1992. , In the early 16th century, Babur arrived from Ferghana and captured Kabul from the Arghun dynasty. In 2018, a majority of imports come from either Iran, China, Pakistan and Kazakhstan, while 84% of exports are to Pakistan and India. The country is further divided into nearly 400 provincial districts, each of which normally covers a city or several villages.  The CIA Factbook variously estimates up to 89.7% Sunni or up to 15% Shia.  Power is managed by the Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS, Afghanistan Electricity Company).  Displeased with Amin's government, the Soviet Army invaded the country in December 1979, heading for Kabul and killing Amin just 3 days later. Major universities outside of Kabul include Kandahar University in the south, Herat University in the northwest, Balkh University and Kunduz University in the north, Nangarhar University and Khost University in the east. President Trump was clear that military power alone will not end the war but can set the conditions for a political process that leads to lasting peace. Villages typically have a headman (malik), a master for water disribution (mirab) and a religious teacher (mullah). , Excavations of prehistoric sites suggest that humans were living in what is now Afghanistan at least 50,000 years ago, and that farming communities in the area were among the earliest in the world. The United States military has been engaged in Afghanistan since shortly after the 9/11 attacks in 2001. The country has four international airports: Hamid Karzai International Airport (formerly Kabul International Airport), Kandahar International Airport, Herat International Airport, and Mazar-e Sharif International Airport. A regional investigation based on fertility inhibiting determinants", "The roots of Afghanistan's tribal tensions", "What will happen to Afghanistan's national languages? The following is a list of all the 34 provinces in alphabetical order: Afghanistan became a member of the United Nations in 1946. In more detail, it extended from what today is northwest Pakistan to northwest India and northeast Afghanistan. , Religious festivals are also celebrated; as a predominantly Muslim country, Islamic events and festivals such as Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr and Ashura are widely celebrated annually in Afghanistan. , Afghan cuisine is largely based upon the nation's chief crops, such as wheat, maize, barley and rice.  In a 2011 news story, the CSM reported, "The United States and other Western nations that have borne the brunt of the cost of the Afghan war have been conspicuously absent from the bidding process on Afghanistan's mineral deposits, leaving it mostly to regional powers. Afghanistan's sports teams are increasingly celebrating titles at international events. They gave primacy to a strong military, centralized government control from Kabul, and signaled the primacy of the Pashtun as the country’s ruling group. 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